Creative Commons - An organization founded by Stanford Law Professor Lawrence Lessig, that promotes flexible copyright licenses for artists, authors, creators and educators.

COICA - Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act, a recent bill proposed by US Senator Patrick Leahy, to prevent illegal downloading of copyrighted material. If the bill is accepted, it will not only remove infringing file from website, but will also shut down and block the domain name. For instance, if a mash up of a movie trailer and pop song is uploaded to YouTube, the file will be removed and YouTube will be compelled to "suspend operation."

Copyleft - a form of licensing that allows users to copy, adapt, and change an original work, but it is then bound by the same licensing standards. Richard Stallmand and the General Public Licensing is thought to by the first type of copyleft agreement.

Forking - the resulting split or splintering of open source software projects when programmers disagree on the vision or goals, face unresolved challenges or discover new directions

Franchise - a business that is controlled and replicated in various locations by a central office

Learning Centre - a business that employs tutors to teach a standardized curriculum based on a variety of subjects and life skills

Open Access - freedom to access, store, print and share information from public and private domains

Open Source - freedom to access, share, change and transfer computer software source code, open software, and other forms of data without financial interchange

Shadow Tutor - an independent tutor who usually helps students with their homework or prepare for tests

Signaling Incentive - the grouping of economic benefits to programmers of Open Source software that includes career concern incentives and ego gratification incentives as motivations for their work

Tutoring - to teach or instruct privately